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Paz, A., Brown, J. L., Cordeiro, C. L., Aguirre‐Santoro, J., Assis, C., Amaro, R. C., Raposo do Amaral, F., Bochorny, T., Bacci, L.F., Caddah, M.K., d’Horta, F., Kaehler, M., Lyra, M., Grohmann, C.H., Reginato, M., Silva-Brandão, K.L., Freitas, A.V.L., Goldenberg, R., Lohmann, L.G., Michelangeli, F.A., Miyaki, C., Rodrigues, M.T., Silva, T.S. & Carnaval, A. C. (2021) Environmental correlates of taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity in the Atlantic Forest. Journal of Biogeography. PDF


Brown J, Paz A, Reginato M, Amaro R, Assis C, Lyra M, Caddah M, Aguirre-Santoro J, d’Horta F, Raposo do Amaral F, Goldenberg R, Silva-Brandão K, Freitas A, Rodrigues M, Michelangeli F, Miyaki C; Carnaval A (2020) Seeing the forest through many trees: multi-taxon patterns of phylogenetic diversity in the Atlantic Forest hotspot, Diversity and Distributions 26.9 (2020): 1160-1176. PDF 

Santos MTT, de Magalhães RF, Lyra ML, Santos FR, Zaher H, Giasson LOM, Garcia PCA, Carnaval AC, Haddad CFB (2020) Multilocus phylogeny of Paratelmatobiinae (Anura: Leptodactylidae) reveals strong spatial structure and previously unknown diversity in the Atlantic Forest hotspot. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 148, 106819. PDF

Rivera D, Prates I, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC (2020) Effects of climate and geography on spatial patterns of genetic structure in tropical skinks. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 143, 106661. PDF


Prates I, Paz A, Brown JL, Carnaval A (2019) Links between prey assemblages and poison frog toxins: a landscape ecology approach to assess how biotic interactions affect species phenotypes. Ecology and Evolution, 9, 14317-14329. PDF


Prates I, Melo-Sampaio PR, de Queiroz K., Carnaval AC, Rodrigues MT, Drummond LO (2019) Discovery of a new species of Anolis lizards from Brazil and its implications for the historical biogeography of montane Atlantic Forest endemics. Amphibia-Reptilia, 41(1), 87-103. PDF

Marques‐Souza S, Pellegrino KCM, Brunes TO,  Carnaval AC, Damasceno RP, de Oliveira Borges ML, Gallardo CC, Rodrigues MT (2019) Hidden in the DNA: How multiple historical processes and natural history traits shaped patterns of cryptic diversity in an Amazon leaf‐litter lizard Loxopholis osvaldoi (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), Journal of Biogeography, 47, 501– 515. PDF

Brown JL, & Carnaval AC (2019) A tale of two niches: methods, concepts, and evolution. Frontiers of Biogeography, 11.4, e44158. PDF

Strangas, M, Navas, CA, Rodrigues, MT, Carnaval AC (2019). Thermophysiology, microclimates, and species distributions of lizards in the mountains of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Ecography, 42, 354-364 PDF


Paz A, Spanos Z, Brown JL, Lyra M, Haddad C, Rodrigues M, Carnaval A (2018). Phylogeography of Atlantic Forest glassfrogs (Vitreorana): when geography, climate dynamics and rivers matter. Heredity, 122,545-557 PDF


Prates I, Penna A, Rodrigues,MT, Carnaval AC (2018) Local adaptation in mainland anole lizards: Integrating population history and genome–environment associations. Ecology and Evolution, 8(23), 11932-11944. PDF


Machado CB, Galetti Jr PM, Carnaval AC (2018) Bayesian analyses detect a history of both vicariance and geodispersal in Neotropical freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography, 45, 1313– 1325.. PDF


Brown JL, Hill, DJ, Dolan AM, Carnaval AC, Haywood AM (2018) PaleoClim, high spatial resolution paleoclimate surfaces for global land areas. Scientific data, 5, 180254.


Costa, G. C., Hampe, A., Ledru, M. P., Martinez, P. A., Mazzochini, G. G., Shepard, D. B., ... & Carnaval, AC (2018). Biome stability in South America over the last 30 kyr: Inferences from long‐term vegetation dynamics and habitat modelling. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27(3), 285-297. PDF


Machado, C. B., Galetti Jr, P. M., & Carnaval, AC (2018). Bayesian analyses detect a history of both vicariance and geodispersal in Neotropical freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography, 45(6), 1313– 1325. PDF


Ledru MP, Carnaval AC, Miyaki CY, “AF biota” participants (2017). Integrating paleoecology and phylogeography reveals congruent bioclimatic regions in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Past Global Changes Magazine, 25(2), 92-93.


Prates, I, Melo-Sampaio, PR, Drummond, LDO, Rodrigues, MT and Carnaval, AC (2017). Biogeographic links between southern Atlantic Forest and western South America: Rediscovery, re-description, and phylogenetic relationships of two rare montane anole lizards from Brazil. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. online early.


May R, Catenazzi A., Corl A, Santa-Cruz R, Carnaval AC, and Moritz C (2017). Divergence of thermal physiological traits in terrestrial breeding frogs along a tropical elevational gradient. Ecology and Evolution, 1–11. 


​Prates I, Hernandez L, Samelo RR, Carnaval AC (2016). Molecular identification and geographic origin of an exotic anole lizard introduced to Brazil, with remarks on its natural history. South American Journal of Herpetology, 11(3): 220–227. PDF


Prates I, Rivera D, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC (2016). A mid‐Pleistocene rainforest corridor enabled synchronous invasions of the Atlantic Forest by Amazonian anole lizards. Molecular Ecology, 25: 5174–5186. PDF


Prates I, Xue AT, Brown JL, Alvarado-Serrano DF, Rodrigues MT, Hickerson, MJ, and Carnaval AC (2016). Inferring responses to climate dynamics from historical demography in neotropical forest lizards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 113(29), 7978-7985. doi:10.1073/pnas.1601063113 PDF


Zamborlini Saiter F, Brown JL, Thomas WW, de Oliveira-Filho AT and Carnaval AC. 2016. Environmental correlates of floristic regions and plant turnover in the Atlantic Forest hotspot. J. Biogeography early view. doi:10.1111/jbi.12774 PDF


Brown JL, Weber JJ, Alvarado-Serrano DF, Hickerson MJ, Franks SJ, Carnaval AC. 2016. Predicting the genetic consequences of future climate change: The power of coupling spatial demography, the coalescent, and historical landscape changes. American Journal of Botany 103 (1): 153-163. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500117 PDF


Prates I, Rodrigues MT, Melo-Sampaio PR, Carnaval AC, 2015. Phylogenetic relationships of Amazonian anole lizards (Dactyloa): Taxonomic implications, new insights about phenotypic evolution and the timing of diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 258–268. PDF

Damasceno R, Strangas ML, Carnaval AC, Rodrigues MT and Moritz C. 2014. Revisiting the vanishing refuge model of diversification. Frontiers in Genetics 5:353. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2014.00353. PDF


Carnaval AC, Waltari E, Rodrigues MT, Rosauer D, VanDerWal J, Damasceno R, Prates I, Strangas M, Spanos Z, Rivera D, Pie MR, Firkowski CR, Bornschein MR, Ribeiro LF, Moritz C. 2014. Prediction of phylogeographic endemism in an environmentally complex biome. Proceedings of the Royal Society 281(1792): 20141461. Supplements PDF


Waltari E, Schroeder R, McDonald K, Anderson RP, Carnaval A. 2014. Bioclimatic variables derived from remote sensing: assessment and application for species distribution modeling. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5(10): 1033–1042. PDF

Graham CH, Carnaval AC, Cadena CD, Zamudio KR, Roberts TE, Parra JL, McCain CM, Bowie RCK, Moritz C, Bains SB, Schneider CJ, VanDerWal J, Rahbek C, Kozak KH, and Sanders NJ. 2014. The origin and maintenance of montane biodiversity: integrating evolutionary and ecological processes. Ecography 37: 1-9. PDF


Cook JA, Edwards SV, Lacey E, Guralnick RP, Soltis PS, Soltis DE, Welch C, Bell KC, Galbreath KE, Himes C, Allen J, Heath TA, Carnaval AC, Cooper KL, Liu M, Hanken J. 2014. Aiming Up: Natural History Collections as Emerging Resources for Innovative Undergraduate Education in Biology. Bioscience 64(8):725-734. PDF


Tonini, J., Costa, L., & Carnaval, A. 2013. Phylogeographic structure is strong in the Atlantic Forest; predictive power of correlative paleodistribution models, not always. Journal Of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 51(2), 114-121. PDF


Valdujo, P. H., Carnaval, A. Q., & Graham, C. H. 2013. Environmental correlates of anuran beta diversity in the Brazilian Cerrado. Ecography 36(6), 708-717. PDF


Porto, T., Carnaval, A., & da Rocha, P. 2013. Evaluating forest refugial models using species distribution models, model filling and inclusion: a case study with 14 Brazilian species. Diversity & Distributions 19(3), 330-340. PDF


Teixeira M, Dalvechio FH, Recoder RS, Strangas M, Carnaval AC and Rodrigues MT. 2012. Marsupial tree frogs from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: description of two new species and a preliminary phylogenetic study. Zootaxa 3437: 1-23.


Verdade V, Valdujo, PH, Carnaval AC, Schiesari L, Toledo L, Mott T, Andrade G, Eterovick P, Menin M, Pimenta B, Nogueira C, Lisboa C, de Paula C and Silvano D. 2012. A leap further: the Brazilian Amphibian Conservation Action Plan. Alytes Special issue on Amphibian Conservation (invited submission) 29: 28-43. PDF


Navas C, Bevier C, and Carnaval AC. 2012. Integrative and objective science is the best link between amphibian decline research and conservation on the ground. Alytes Special issue on Amphibian Conservation (invited submission) 29: 119-132.


Costa TRN, Carnaval ACOQ, Toledo LF. 2012. Mudanças climáticas e seus impactos sobre os anfíbios brasileiros. Revista da Biologia, USP 8: 33-37. PDF


Fouquet A, Recoder R, Teixeira Jr. M, Cassimiro J, Amaro RC, Guerrero AC, Damasceno R, Carnaval AC, Moritz C, Rodrigues MT. 2012. Molecular phylogeny and morphometric analyses reveal deep divergence between Amazonia and Atlantic Forest species of Dendrophryniscus, with taxonomic implications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(3): 826-838. PDF


Amaro RC, Carnaval AC, Yonenaga-Yassuda Y, Rodrigues MT. 2012 . Demographic processes in the montane Atlantic rainforest: molecular and cytogenetic evidence from the endemic frog Proceratophrys boiei. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(3): 880-888. PDF


Cadena CD, Kozak KH, Gómez JP, Parra JL, McCain C, Bowie RB, Carnaval AC, Moritz C, Rahbek C, Roberts TE, Sanders N, Schneider CJ, VanDerWall J, Zamudio K, Graham CH. 2012. Latitude, elevational climatic zonation, and speciation in New World vertebrates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 279: 194-201. PDF


Carnaval AC, Moritz C, Hickerson, M., Haddad C., and Rodrigues, M. 2009. Stability predicts diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest hotspot. Science 323: 785-789. PDF


Moussalli, A, Moritz, C, Williams, and Carnaval, A. 2009. Variable responses of skinks to a common history of rainforest fluctuation: concordance between phylogeography and palaeo-distribution models. Molecular Ecology 18: 483-499. PDF


Puschendorf, R, Carnaval, AC, VanDerWal, J, Chaves, G, Bolaños, F., and Alford, R. 2009. A distribution model for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Costa Rica: implications for amphibian conservation. Diversity and Distributions 15: 401-408. PDF


Carnaval, ACOQ and Moritz, CM. 2008. Historical climate change predicts current biodiversity patterns in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Journal of Biogeography 35: 1187-1201. PDF


Pounds AJ, Carnaval AC, Puschendorf R, Haddad CFB, and Masters K. 2007. Action on Amphibian Extinctions: Going beyond the Reductive. Science ELetters 28/08/2007. Available online at


Carnaval, ACOQ and Bates JM. 2007. Amphibian DNA shows marked genetic structure and tracks Pleistocene climate change in northeastern Brazil. Evolution 61: 2942-2957. PDF


Pounds AJ, Carnaval AC, Puschendorf R, Haddad CFB, and Masters K. 2006. Responding to Amphibian Loss. Science 314: 1541. PDF


Carnaval ACOQ, Puschendorf R, Peixoto OL, Verdade V, and Rodrigues MT. 2006. Amphibian chytrid fungus widely distributed in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Ecohealth 3: 41-48. PDF


Toledo LF, Haddad CFB, Carnaval ACOQ, and Britto FB. 2006. A Brazilian anuran (Hylodes magalhaesi: Leptodactylidae) infected by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis: a conservation concern. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 4: 17-21. PDF


Eterovick P, Carnaval ACOQ, Borges-Nojosa DM, Silvano D, Segalla M, and Sazima I. 2005. Amphibian Declines in Brazil: an overview. Biotropica 37: 166-179. PDF


Carnaval ACOQ and Peixoto OL. 2004. A new species of Hyla from Northeastern Brazil (Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). Herpetologica 60: 387-395. PDF


Carnaval ACOQ, Peixoto OL, and dos Santos EM. 2003. Hylomantis granulosa. Geographic Distribution. Herpetological Review 34: 381.


Carnaval ACOQ. 2002. Phylogeography of four frog species in forest fragments of northeastern Brazil – a preliminary study. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42: 913-921. PDF


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